Mouth Ulcer: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatments

Causes of Mouth Ulcers and How to treat Mouth Ulcer



Mouth ulcers - also called canker sores - are usually small, painful sores that develop in your mouth or at the base of your gums. They can eat, drink and do uncomfortable things.

Women, adolescents and people with a family history of mouth ulcers are at greater risk of mouth ulcers.

Mouth ulcers are not contagious and usually go away within one to two weeks. However, if you have a canker sore disease that is major or extremely painful, or if it lasts for a long period of time without treatment, you should consult a doctor.

What triggers mouth ulcers?

There is no definite reason behind mouth ulcers. However, some factors and triggers have been identified. Contains:

  • Minor mouth injury due to dental work, hard brushing, sports injury, or accidental cutting
  • Toothpaste and mouth peels containing sodium lauryl sulfate
  • Food sensitivity to acidic foods such as strawberries, citrus and pineapples and other trigger foods such as chocolate and coffee
  • Allergic reaction to mouth bacteria
  • Dentist
  • Hormonal changes during menstruation
  • Emotional stress or lack of sleep
  • Bacterial, viral, or fungal infection

Mouth ulcers can also be a sign of conditions that are more severe and require medical treatment, such as:

  • Celiac disease 
  • Stomach ache
  • diabetes
  • Behcet's disease (a condition that causes inflammation throughout the body)
  • A poor immune system that causes your body to attack healthy mouth cells instead of viruses and bacteria
  • HIV / AIDs

What symptoms are associated with mouth ulcers?

The three main types of canker sores are minor, major and herpetiform.

1. Minor

Minor canker sores are small oval or round ulcers that heal without a scar within one to two weeks.

2. Major

Major canker sores are larger and darker than smaller ones. They have irregular edges and may take up to six weeks to recover. Major mouth ulcers can result in prolonged scars.

3. Herpetiform

Herpetiform canker sores are small in size, in groups of 10 to 100, and often affect adults. This type of mouth ulcer has irregular edges and will often heal without a stain within one to two weeks.

You should see a doctor if you develop any of the following:

  • Unusually large mouth ulcers
  • New mouth ulcers heal before the old
  • Wounds that last more than three weeks
  • Are painless
  • Mouth ulcers that extend to the lips
  • Pain that cannot be controlled over-the-counter or with natural medicine
  • Serious eating problems
  • High fever or diarrhea whenever canker sores appear

How are mouth ulcers diagnosed?

Your doctor will be able to diagnose mouth ulcers through a visual examination. If you have recurring mouth ulcers, you may be tested for other medical conditions.

What are some ways to treat mouth ulcers?

Most mouth ulcers do not require treatment. However, if you often have mouth sores or are extremely painful, many treatments can reduce pain and healing time. Contains:

  • Using a Rinse of Salt Water and Baking Soda
  • Keeping magnesia milk on mouth ulcers
  • Covering mouth ulcers with baking soda paste
  • Over-the-counter benzocaine (topical anesthetic) products are used, such as oracle or basil.
  • Applying canker sores to ice
  • Use a mouth rinse that contains a steroid to minimize pain.
  • Using topical paste
  • Place a moist tea bag over your mouth ulcers
  • Taking nutritional supplements such as folic acid, vitamin B6, vitamin B-12, and zinc
  • Trying natural remedies like chamomile tea, echinacea, myrrh, and licorice root

Tips to prevent mouth ulcers

There are certain measures you can take to prevent mouth ulcers. Avoid food that irritates your mouth. Including acidic fruits like pineapples, grapes, oranges, or lemons, as well as nuts, chips, or anything spicy.

Instead, choose whole grains and non-alkaline fruits and vegetables. Eat a healthy, balanced diet and take multivitamins daily.

Try to avoid talking while chewing your food to reduce accidental bites. Using dental floss daily can also help reduce stress and maintain good oral hygiene and brushing after meals. Finally, get enough sleep and relax. This will not only prevent mouth ulcers but will also host other diseases.

Some people avoid soft-bristled toothbrushes and mouthwash, which also contain sodium lauryl sulfate. Your dentist can give you wax to cover dental or conservative mouth devices, which have a sharp edge.

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