Mental Health: Definition, Risks and Treatment

Mental Health: Definition, Risks, and Treatment

Mental health refers to our mental wellbeing, thinking, and satisfaction. The term 'mental health' is sometimes used to refer to the absence of mental disorder.

Mental health can make an impact on your daily life, social life, and physical health. Mental health also includes an individual's ability to enjoy life - to achieve a balance between life's activities and efforts to achieve psychological flexibility.

In this article, we will explain what the terms "mental health" and "mental illness". We will also describe the most common types of mental disorders and how to treat them. 


Emotional, behavioral and social maturation or normality; absence of a mental or behavioral disorder; a state of psychological well-being in which one has attained satisfactory integration to an innate tendency acceptable to both oneself and the social milieu; of love, work, and rest.

The risk

Experts say that we all have the potential to develop mental health problems, no matter how old we are, whether we are male or female, rich or poor, or from which ethnic group we belong.

About 1 in 5 Americans experience mental health problems every year (18.5 percent). In the United States, in 2015, an estimated 9.8 million adults (over 18) had a severe mental disorder. This equates to 4.8 percent of all American adults.

In the US and the developed world, mental disorders are one of the leading causes of disability.

Common disorder

The most common types of mental illness are anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and schizophrenia disorders; Below we explain each one in turn:

Anxiety disorders

A person has a severe fear or anxiety, which is associated with certain objects or situations. Most people with an anxiety disorder will try to avoid risk to trigger their anxiety.

Examples of anxiety disorders include:

Panic disorder- A person suddenly experiences paralyzed panic or a sense of impending disaster.

Phobias - These can include simple phobias (unsatisfying fear of objects), social phobias (fear of being subject to the judgment of others), and agoraphobia (fear of situations where it may be difficult to get away or be free). We don't really know how many phobias there are - there can be thousands of types.

OCD - It is referred to as obsessive-compulsive disorder. This person has obsessions and compulsions. In other words, persistent stressful thoughts (obsessions), and a powerful urge to perform repetitive tasks, such as washing hands (compulsion).

Traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - it can occur after a traumatic event has occurred - something terrible or frightening that they have experienced or witnessed. During this type of event, the person feels that their life or the lives of other people are in danger. They may feel fear or feel that they have no control over what is happening.

Mood disorders

They are also known as affective disorders or depressive disorders. Significant changes in mood occur in patients with these conditions, which usually include mania (depression) or depression. Examples of mood disorders include:

Major depression - The person is no longer interested and does not enjoy the activities and events he previously loved. There are extreme or prolonged periods of grief.

Bipolar disorder - Earlier known as manic-depressive illness, or manic depression. The episodes vary from euphoria to depression.
Persistent depressive disorder - formerly known as dysthymia, is mild chronic (long-term) depression. The patient has symptoms similar to major depression but to a lesser extent.

SAD (seasonal affective disorder) - a type of major depression resulting from lack of daylight. It is most common in countries away from the equator during late autumn, winter, and early spring.

Schizophrenia Disorder

Schizophrenia is a single disorder or a group of related diseases not yet fully determined. This is a highly complex situation. Schizophrenia usually starts between the ages of 15 and 25. The person's views appear fragmented; They also find it difficult to process information.

There are negative and positive symptoms of schizophrenia. Positive symptoms include confusion, thought disorder, and hallucinations. Negative symptoms include lack of motivation, inappropriate mood. 

Early signs

It is not possible to reliably tell if someone is developing a mental health problem; however, if some signs appear in a short period of time, it may give clues:

  • Using more medicines than usual may be an early sign of a mental health issue.
  • Moving away from people or activities they would normally enjoy.
  • Too little or too little sleep or food.
  • It looks like nothing matters.
  • Constantly low energy.
  • Use of drugs more than usual (including alcohol and nicotine).
  • Show off unnatural emotions.
  • Confusion.
  • Not being able to perform standard tasks, such as working or cooking food.
  • Persistent thoughts or memories that regularly appear.
  • Thinking of harming oneself or others.
  • To hear voices
  • a myth.


There are several ways that people with mental health problems can receive treatment. It is important to know what work one person can do for another; This is particularly the case with mental health.
Some strategies or treatments can work better when carried out together. Patients with chronic mental disorders can make different choices at different stages in their lives. The majority of experts say that a well-informed patient is probably the best judge to find the treatment they like best.

Treatment may include:

Psychotherapy - This is a psychological approach to the treatment of mental illness. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), exposure therapy and dialectical behavior therapy are examples of this.

Medication - Although it cannot cure mental disorders, some medicines can improve symptoms.

Self-help - lifestyle changes such as reducing alcohol intake, sleeping more and eating well.

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