Bulging Eyes: Causes and Treatment of bulging eyes

Causes and Treatment of bulging eyes



Eyes that bulge, or move out of their normal positions, can be a sign of a serious medical condition. Proptosis and exophthalmos are medical terms used to describe bulging eyes.

While some people are born with eyes that are more diffuse than normal, others develop them as a result of an underlying medical condition.

In most cases, the white part of your eye should not appear above your iris (the colored part of the eye) without lifting your eyelid.

If the white color of your eye is visible between your iris and your upper eyelid, it can be a sign of abnormal bulge. Your recommended treatment plan will depend on the underlying cause of your eye bulge.

The sudden emergence of only one eye is an emergency. Seek medical attention immediately. This might be an indication of something serious.

Causes of Popped eyes

The most common cause of bulging eyes is hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid gland. Your thyroid gland is located in front of your neck. It releases many hormones that help regulate your metabolism.

Hyperthyroidism occurs when your thyroid releases too many of these hormones.

An autoimmune disorder called Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and raised eyes. In this case, the tissues around your eye become inflamed. This produces a bulging effect.

Anyone can develop Graves' disease. Women between the ages of 30 and 60 are most affected, the Office on Women’s Health Report.

Other possible causes of raised eyes include:

  • Neuroblastoma, a type of cancer that can affect your sympathetic nervous system
  • Leukemia, a type of cancer that can affect your white blood cells
  • rhabdomyosarcoma, a type of cancer that can develop in your soft tissues
  • Lymphoma, most often non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • An abnormal collection of blood vessels, hemangioma
  • Bleeding behind your eye due to injury
  • Metastatic tumors from cancer elsewhere in the body
  • Connective tissue diseases, such as sarcoidosis

Diagnosing the cause of bulging eyes

If you develop eye bulge in one or both eyes, contact your doctor as soon as possible. Be prepared to share your complete medical history with them, including a list of any prescriptions or over-the-counter medicines and supplements you take.

They will also want to know the specifics of your symptoms, such as:

  • When you experienced bulging at first?
  • Have they gotten worse since that time?
  • Do you have any other symptoms, especially headaches or visual changes?

After conducting a physical examination, your doctor may order one or more tests. For example, these may include:

  • vision test
  • Eye test
  • Slit-lamp examination, during which your doctor will use a low-power microscope and high-intensity light to examine the structures in front of your eye
  • Imaging tests
  • blood test

Treatment for Popped eyes

Your recommended treatment plan will depend on the underlying cause of your raised eye. For example, depending on your condition, your doctor may prescribe:

  • Eye medicine
  • Antibiotic medicines
  • Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
  • Eye surgery
  • Surgery, chemotherapy or radiation to treat cancerous tumors

If you notice Graves' disease or thyroid conditions, your doctor may recommend:

  • Medications, such as beta-blockers or antithyroid drugs
  • Radioactive iodine.
  • surgery to remove your thyroid gland
  • Changing thyroid hormone if your thyroid gland is destroyed or removed

If you have eye problems associated with hyperthyroidism, smoking can make them worse. Quitting can help reduce your symptoms. Your doctor may recommend a combination of prescription drugs, nicotine replacement therapy, or counseling to help you quit smoking.

Raised eyes can make you feel self-absorbed. Emotional support is important for your well-being. Depending on the cause, you may be able to correct the problem with treatment.

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